With a total area of 140.45 hectares, this area lies on the central axis of the north of the Forbidden City in Beijing, which takes Jing Shan(hill) as its center, reaches as far as Ping’an Street in the north, the north wall of the Forbidden City in the south, North Heyan Street in the east and Beihai Park and the Hospital of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Peking University First Hospital in the west. There are six streets located in Xicheng District, including Jingshan West Street, Jingshan Front Street, Jingshan Back Street, Zhishanmen Street, Di’anmennei Street and Wenjin Street.
Those streets all lie in the north area of old Imperial City where important cultural relics and scenic spots are located, such as Jingshan Park and Beihai Park. This area is most close to the hightest point of the old city and considered as an important part of the Imperial City Protection Area. With a history of nearly 800 hundred years, this area was established in the Yuan Dynasty, served as the government office to provide logistic support for the imperial palace in the Ming Dynasty and changed into a residential area after Qing Dynasty. Jingshan Front Street and Wenjin Street are all important traditional cultural streets; the relics of walls in the Ming Dynasty still remain in Jingshan Back Street and Di’anmennei Street; Zhishanmen Street is a distinctive street connecting the east gate of Beihai Park with the west gate of Jingshan Park, used as an exclusive imperial road since it lies in a convenient geographic location. A lot of courtyards are still preserved in this area as well. The architecture, colored paintings and carvings for both the imperial palace and dwellings represent high cultural values. As the development of tourism, this area has become an important window opening to the outside world.